Nirmal Paintings and ToysTelangana is widely acclaimed for arts and crafts. Indigenously crafted artifacts are marketed by local craft association and government during festivals and fairs, online and also exported to countries all around the globe. Arts and crafts of Telangana include Nirmal toys, dokra metal crafts (also known as bell metal craft of Adilabad district), silver filigree, Siddipet batik paintings, brass ware work, wooden craft of Bhongir, Pochampalli sarees, metal ware, Banjara fabrics, Nirmal cement idols, Nirmal monkeys etc.
The main source of economy in Nirmal is from crafting toys and paintings. There are many women Self-help groups, co-operative societies etc. for welfare of the craftsmen. People have also taken to agriculture for earning a livelihood.
Nirmal in Adilabad district is famous for more handicraft items than any other place in Telangana state! Not only Nirmal paintings are famous, but also Nirmal toys and cement idols have left a mark in the field of art. Incredible indeed!
Nirmal ArtsNot only the traditional technique in making these art works is amazing, but also the plethora of bright and vibrant colours used fill you with awe. Craftsmen use natural dyes. Nirmal has redefined its place on the global map for Nirmal paintings. These paintings are oil paintings and depict themes from the epics such as Ramayana and Mahabharta. Nirmal art work can also be seen as wood paintings or on other wooden articles. It is a synthesis of Indian and Mogul School of art. The expressions in the paintings are worth the look - simple and beautiful! These articles are unique as only locally available materials are used for giving them shape.
Nirmal - A Land of Toys
Yes, Nirmal in Adilabad district of Telangana can rightly be called as 'a land of toys'. Children living here are born in a city which makes colourful toys! This art of toy making dates back to the 14th century. Wooden engravings crafted here are equally popular. Basic material used is wood which is used for making toys, furniture, bangles, jewellery, boxes, miniature paintings, plaques etc. Vegetable dyes are used for colouring these articles. The Nirmal Art was appreciated and patronized by the Nizams of Hyderabad.
The Making of Nirmal ToysNirmal toys are made from 'Ponki Chekka' which is light and flexible. It can be cut and bent to the desired shape and size for making toys. Different parts of Nirmal toys are joined together using specially prepared glue. Then the toy is coated with 'Chinta Lappam' which is prepared using saw dust and boiled tamarind seeds. White clay is used for smoothing ridges and depressions on the surface of the toy, if any. The toys are dried in the sun and later coloured in bright colours made from vegetable dye. Synthetic colours are rarely used.
Other craft items such as wall plaques and other artifacts are made of different kind of wood. For making these items, teak wood is used. It is first varnished and treated on lathe before painting a design on it. The plaque is sprayed with duco paint for making the background. Intricate designs are made which show the artistic sense, patience, passion and deftness of the artisans.
Nirmal Arts: Changing with the TimesThe craftsmen have changed their style according to modern tastes of customers. However, they have aligned steadfastly to the traditions and intricacy required for producing good quality art work. More contemporary designs are being used now and the artisans are experimenting more with colours.
Kala Ashram founded in 1979 by Shri Ravindra Sharma (artist-philosopher) fondly known as ‘Guruji’. Here, it is an ongoing process of discovering the way of life of villagers who led a self sufficient and peaceful life in olden days. It involves understanding of economics, philosophy, culture and heritage of people leading simple life in villages. It is an ashram for traditional arts, science and technology.
NH 7, Adilabad, Telangana
Nirmal is certainly a town with talent and unanimous love for everything artistic. Children must be feeling glad on seeing colourful toys and paintings getting ready and being dried under the sun! A most colourful place to visit!
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